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History of Western fireplace (I)

From the history of the West, the prototype of the fireplace can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome. The architecture and civilization of that period had a profound influence on western modern architecture and culture. The architecture and decorative themes of ancient Greece and Rome are always closely related to people's lives, religion, sports, business and entertainment are reflected in the beautiful design of roof, walls, floors, At the same time, the theme of the use of fire will also be reflected in these sculptures and murals.


The early fireplace was quite simple, without any decoration,only relying on an exterior wall or an inner wall in the middle, made of brick or stone. After the Rose War (1455-1485), the British Tudor dynasty entered a period of prosperity and consolidation of the regime, and economic stability and development promoted the prosperity of culture, especially the construction industry. New building materials, such as stone or brick, are used to rebuild the original wooden structures, and these structures made of durable materials are easily preserved, so that today there is a relatively specific physical retention.


The secular buildings built of sturdy building materials have been preserved since the 16th century, thus witnessing the history of development of interior decoration in Europe. In medieval houses, the central hearth is the only facility to heat the house. With the increasing of residential rooms and the increasing complexity of functions, the dedicated fire-heating fireplace is separated from the function of the hearth and gradually becomes the dominant heating equipment. The re-establishment of the location of fireplace makes it the center of the interior space of the house. At the end of the Tudor dynasty, the central hearth had been replaced by fireplace.


More importantly, the fireplace began to become the core of interior decoration, until the middle of 16th century, when the Renaissance flourished, with the accumulation of social and personal wealth and the widespread spread of classical knowledge. Design began to develop increasingly complex and cumbersome styles from relatively simple forms. The fireplace became more and more decorative, with various details of the Renaissance style.


In the West, fireplaces are also closely related to various festivals. On Halloween, the most important ceremony is to light a fire.On Christmas morning, the first thing children have to do is to run to the fireplace looking for gifts from Santa Claus. On Friday in Dorset, hanging a piece of toast in the fireplace is said to guarantee good grain for the coming year.


From the 16th century to the middle of the 20th century, the development of fireplace was on the one hand the history of people using fire, new energy: coal, gas and electricity realized on the fireplace, making the use of fireplace more efficient, comfortable and convenient. At the same time, the fireplace has always been at the core of the interior decoration style, and has produced many distinctive styles: Renaissance style, Baroque style, modern style and so on. The style of these fireplaces is closely related to architectural style, interior decoration style. Become the most important part of interior style. At the same time, the continuous improvement of the function is reflected in the design of the fireplace, and the fireplace is becoming more and more practical and exquisite. It provides not only a sense of comfort, but also a visual enjoyment.


There is no other invention in human history that combines practicality and aesthetics effectively. All kinds of fireplaces convey the concept of life and fashion in people of all ages.